A subsidiary established in Slovakia
is a form of legal entity
where the capital is owned partially or in totality by a foreign company
. The foreign companies find this form of business
very advantageous because of the limited liability of the shareholders and because the profits are taxed only in the country of origin and no withholding taxes or low withholding taxes are applied to the dividends, interests and royalties paid by the subsidiary to the parent company. These are due the many double tax avoidance treaties signed by Slovakia
Our company formation experts in Slovakia
created a simple and concise scheme that shows the main steps of opening a subsidiary in this country and the advantages of this business form.
What are the legal entities that can be established as subsidiaries in Slovakia?
Some of the forms of business that subsidiaries may take in Slovakia are:
- the limited liability companies (private or public);
- partnerships (general or limited);
Many investors choose the limited liability companies
, where the liability of the members is determined by their contribution to the company’s capital.
The limited liability company in Slovakia is a company based on a share capital of 200.000 SKK and that must be formed by at least one founder. At least half of the amount must be deposited at registration and the rest must be deposited no longer than five years from beginning the activities. The maximum number of shareholders cannot exceed 50. The general meeting of the shareholders must appoint an Executive that will deal with the daily decisions.
The minimum share capital of a joint stock company
is 1,000,000 SKK divided into stocks. A half of the amount must be paid at registration and the other half no longer than a year from the registration
. A reserve fund must be constituted and it consists in at least 10 % from the company’s yearly profits.
A public joint stock company has a part of its shares listed on a stock market and the possibility to freely transfer the shares.
A private joint stock company opened in Slovakia cannot freely trade its stocks and those are not registered with the Stock Market.
The management of a joint stock company is assured by a board of management with a total number of members decided by the articles of association.
A supervisory board consisting in at least three members must be appointed in order to check the actions of the management board.
What is the registration procedure for a subsidiary in Slovakia?
Registration of a subsidiary in Slovakia takes around eighteen days and consists in:
- checking the name at the Trade Register;
- notarizing the documents of incorporation;
- depositing the documents at the one stop shop in order to receive the trade licenses (necessary for performing business);
- the health insurance;
- the income tax registration;
- opening a bank account;
- depositing all the above at the District Court for registration.
The Slovak company
must also register with the local social insurance company for the pension, sickness and unemployment and disability insurances. If you need more details about the process of setting up a subsidiary in Slovakia
, you may contact
our specialists in company formation matters
Partner: Firmengründung in Slowakei , Регистрация фирм Словакия